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Senior Scientist
Physical Oceanography Department
Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution
266 Woods Hole Road, MS#21, Woods Hole, MA 02543
Email:, Tel: 508-289-2792, Fax: 508-457-2181

Francis E. Fowler IV Ocean and Climate Center Fellow
US CLIVAR Mesoscale Air-Sea Interaction Working Group Co-chair
ONR  Young Investigator Award, 2015
NOAA C&GC Postdoc Fellow, 2007



  • Since 2023.08: Senior Scientist
  • 2018.07 – 2023.08: Associate Scientist with Tenure
  • 2014.09 – 2018.06: Associate Scientist
  • 2010.10 – 2014.08: Assistant Scientist, Physical Oceanography Department, WHOI
  • 2009 – 2010: Visiting Assistant Researcher, IPRC, Univ. Hawaii, Manoa (With Prof. Shang-Ping Xie)
  • 2008 – 2009: NOAA Climate and Global Change Postdoctoral Fellow, IPRC, Univ. Hawaii, Manoa (with Prof. Shang-Ping Xie)
  • 2007 – 2008: NOAA Climate and Global Change Postdoctoral Fellow, UCLA (with Prof. Roberto Mechoso)
  • 2007: Visiting Scientist, International Pacific Research Center, Univ. Hawaii, Manoa (With Prof. Niklas Schneider)
  • 2002 – 2007: Graduate Research Assistant, Scripps Institution of Oceanography, UC San Diego




  • ONR ASTraL DRI (2022-2027): Improving the model simulation of surface wave impacts on air-sea fluxes, turbulent boundary layers, and their impacts on Indian monsoons in the Arabian Seo. lead PI: Seo, $688,863
  • NOAA CVP (2022-2025): Exploiting coupled ocean-atmosphere-wave model simulations to identify observational requirements for air-sea interaction studies across the tropical Pacific. PI: H. Seo and S. Wijffels, $773,753
  • NSF PO (2022-2026): Improving understanding of coupled impacts of oceans and waves on air-sea fluxes in the US Northeast Coast. PIs: H. Seo, C.. Sauvage, J. Edson, C.-A. Clayson, $831.828
  • NASA MAP (2021-2024): Improving coupled atmosphere-ocean processes in NU-WRF for the simulation of coast-threatening extratropical cyclones in the northeastern US. PI: Seo; Co-Is: J. Edson, C.-A. Clayson, R. Braun (NASA GSFC), $1,166,106
  • DOE WFIP3 (2021-2016): Improving High Resolution Offshore Wind Resource Assessments and Forecasts using Observations in the MA/RI Lease Areas. PIs: A. Kirincich et al., including H. Seo ($10M)
  • NSF PO/CLD (2020-2024): Collaborative Research: Coupled Ocean-Atmosphere Feedbacks Affecting California Coastal Climate: Current Conditions and Future Projections. PIs: H. Seo (WHOI) and A. Miller (SIO). $497,273
  • NOAA CVP (2020-2024): Regional multi-year prediction for the Northeast U.S. Continental Shelf. PIs: Y.-O. Kwon, H. Seo, K. Chen (WHOI), P. Frantantoni, V. Saba, and M. Alexander (NOAA), $658,442
  • NOAA CVP (2019-2024): Coupled Ocean-atmosphere interaction mediated by ocean mesoscale eddies in the Northwestern Tropical Atlantic Ocean. PIs: H. Seo and C.-A. Clayson, $767,746



Research Associate

  • Dr. César Sauvage (2023-2023), RA3


  • Dr. Benjamin Barr (2023 August - Present)
  • Dr. Shikhar Rai (2023 July - Present)
  • Dr. Christoph Renkl (2023 January - Present)
  • Dr. Alma Carolina Castillo-Trujillo (2021 - Present)
  • Dr. César Sauvage (2020-2023), now RA3 at WHOI
  • Dr. John Steffen (2019-2021, now at NOAA)
  • Dr. Rhys Parfitt (2016-2018, now Assistant Professor at Florida State University)


  • Peisen Tan (University of Miami), Summer of 2023: Laboratory and numerical modeling of short wind waves and swell interactions.
  • Sam Bartusek (Princeton University, Summer Student Fellow, 2019, now in Columbia Univ.). Coastal ocean responses to landfalling ARs (Bartusek et al. 2021), See also WHOI Research News
  • Yuqing Liu (Bremen University, Guest Student, 2018, now at AWI, Germany): Submesoscale air-sea coupling
  • Manthan Shah (Northeastern University, Guest Student 2018): Scale-dependence of SST-wind coupling in the western tropical Indian Ocean
  • Yuan Xu (University of Twente, Guest Student 2018): Decadal variability in the southern Indian Ocean (Xu et al. 2020)
  • Xiaolin Jin (Tsinghua University, Visiting Student 2017), Decadal Subsurface Ocean Heat Content Variations in the Indian Ocean. (Jin et al. 2018aJin et al. 2018b)
  • Samuel Coakley (Rutgers University, Summer Student Fellow 2017): Southeast Asian monsoon variability in the CESM-Last Millennium Ensemble
  • David Smith (Northeastern University, Guest Student 2016): Decadal predictability of the North Atlantic Blocking
  • Channing Prend (Columbia University, Summer Student Fellow, 2016, now at Scripps): Impact of freshwater plumes on intraseasonal SST variability from moored observations in the Bay of Bengal (Prend et al. 2018Weller et al. 2019)
  • Siraput Jongaramrungruang (University of Cambridge, Summer Student Fellow, 2015, now at Caltech): Interannual modulation of intraseasonal air-sea coupling in the Bay of Bengal (Jongaramrungruang et al. 2017)
  • Alicia Camacho (Valparaiso University, UCAR SOARS student 2015, now at Stony Brook University): North Atlantic Oscillation, Jet and Blocking in CESM1 Large Ensemble Simulations. (Kwon et al. 2018)
  • Carlos Martinez (Texas A&M University, UCAR SOARS student 2014, now at Columbia University): North Atlantic Atmospheric Blocking and Atlantic Multi-decadal Oscillation in CESM1 Large Ensemble Simulations. Carlos won the Grand Prize at the Virtual Poster Showcase, AGU 2014!

Dissertation Committee

  • Ph.D. General Exam Advisor for Anthony Meza (MIT-WHOI Joint Program), 2022-2023
  • Ph.D. Thesis Committee Chair for Hanyuan Liu (MIT-WHOI Joint Program), 2021-2023
  • Ph.D. External Examiner for Christoph Renkl (Dalhousie University, Oceanography), 2020
  • Ph.D. Thesis committee for Jared Buckley (University of Massachusetts, Dartmouth), 2015-2019
  • M.S. Thesis Committee for Xin Zhou (Florida Institute of Technology), 2015-2016
  • MS. Thesis committee for Sara Bosshart (MIT-WHOI Joint Program), 2013

Society Memberships:

  • American Geophysical Union (2002-Present)
  • American Meteorological Society (2002-Present)
  • The Oceanography Society (2012-Present)

Community Activities:

Agency proposal review panels

  • NASA SWOT (2012); DOE ESMD (2020)

WHOI Committee and Service:

  • WHOI Physical Oceanography Recruitment Committee for Scientific Staff (2020-2021)
  • WHOI High-Performance Computing Strategy Committee (2022-2023)
  • WHOI Summer Student Fellowship (SSF) Physical Oceanography Department Coordinator, 2017-2019
  • Advisory Committee for the WHOI High-Performance Computing: 2010-2017
  • Physical Oceanography Department Weekly Seminar, Organizer, 2010-2011

Meeting Convener:



  • (Invited) Ocean Mesoscale Air-Sea Interactions: Physics, Impacts, and Role of Surface Waves, AOGS, Singapore, 08/04/2023
  • (Invited) Surface waves, aerodynamic roughness & air-sea momentum flux: Mesoscale Air-Sea Interactions & Offshore Wind Energy, Yonsei University, Seoul, South Korea, 07/20/2023
  • (Invited) Surface Waves, Aerodynamic Roughness, and Air-Sea Momentum Flux in the Context of Mesoscale and Frontal-Scale Air-Sea Interaction. Mid-latitude Ocean-Atmosphere Interactions: Their Processes and Predictability. Toyama, Japan, 06/16/2023
  • (Invited) Surface Waves, Aerodynamic Roughness, and Air-Sea Momentum Flux in the context of Mesoscale and Frontal-Scale Air-Sea Interaction. Mid-latitude Ocean-Atmosphere Interactions: Their Processes and Predictability. Toyama, Japan, June 16-18, 2023
  • Wind-Current Coupling in the Context of Mesoscale and Frontal-Scale Air-Sea Interaction. Odysea winds and currents Webinar, June 6, 2023 pdf
  • (Invited) Surface Waves, Aerodynamic Roughness, and Air-Sea Momentum Flux, Japan Geosciences Union (JpGU), May 21, 2023. pdf
  • (Invited) Air-Sea Interaction and Offshore Wind energy, Korean Meteorological Agency (KMA), virtual, January 27, 2023 pdf
  • Coupled Modeling of Mesoscale Air-Sea Interaction: Physics, Impacts, and Role of Surface Waves. Seoul National University, Korea, invited, 09/22 pdf
    Ocean Mesoscale Air-Sea Interaction over Gulf Stream: Drivers, Physics, and Influence. US CLIVAR Wither the Gulf Stream Workshop. Wither the Gulf Stream Workshop, 06/22 pdf
    Surface wave impacts on air-sea momentum flux in the Northwest Atlantic Ocean: coupled modeling and bulk formula. Workshop on Air-Sea Interaction and Implications for Offshore Wind Energy, 02/10/2021.