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Current Projects

NOAA CVP: Exploiting coupled ocean-atmosphere-wave model simulations to identify observational requirements for air-sea interaction studies across the tropical Pacific

This is a pre-field modeling study to improve our process understanding and representation of air-sea flux and associated turbulent exchanges and dissipation in the oceanic and atmospheric boundary layers across the multiple TPOS regimes and to determine their dependence on varying ocean eddy and fronts, diurnal cycle, barrier layer, and surface wave conditions. A crucial element is to exploit extensive high-resolution, ocean-atmosphere-wave coupled model simulations, validated with existing in situ and satellite observations in the TPOS, to determine the simulation sensitivity to assumptions in the parameterized air-sea interaction and choices of model physics and resolution.

WHOI Folower Ocean and Climate Fellow: Western boundary currents and air-sea interactoins: towards skillful predictive understanding and modeling of extreme strom and short-term climate events

Current scientific evidence indicates that skillful simulations and forecasts of extratropical storms critically depend on accurate representation of air-sea interactions mediated by the oceanic spatial variability near the western boundary currents (WBCs).

NSF PO: Improving understanding of coupled impacts of oceans and waves on air-sea fluxes in the US Northeast Coast

Our goal is to drive down the cost of energy from offshore wind farms by improving wind resource assessments and forecast models and reducing the uncertainty in energy yield and design load assessments. Via high-quality observations of the marine atmospheric boundary layer (MABL) within and around the MA/RI lease areas, we will drive model improvements and create a benchmark standard for resource measurement and modeling science.

DOE WFIP3: Improving High-Resolution Offshore Wind Resource Assessment and Forecasts Using Observations in the MA/RI Lease Areas

Our goal is to drive down the cost of energy from offshore wind farms by improving wind resource assessments and forecast models and reducing the uncertainty in energy yield and design load assessments. Via high-quality observations of the marine atmospheric boundary layer (MABL) within and around the MA/RI lease areas, we will drive model improvements and create a benchmark standard for resource measurement and modeling science.

NSF PO/CLD: Collaborative Research: Coupled Ocean-Atmosphere Feedbacks Affecting California Coastal Climate: Current Conditions and Future Projections

The coastal climate of California is profoundly affected by the ocean, which moderates its hot summers and provides moisture for much-needed winter rains. While the importance and impact of the mean state of the ocean are well appreciated, the impact of the anomalous state of the ocean on coastal climate is far less well understood.

NASA MAP: Improving coupled atmosphere-ocean processes in NU-WRF for the simulation of coast-threatening extratropical cyclones in the northeastern US (2021-2025)

This project will develop a better understanding of the physical processes governing the structure and evolution of the marine atmospheric boundary layer (MABL) in the Northeastern US and the New England shelf regions.

NOAA CVP: Coupled ocean-atmosphere interaction mediated by ocean mesoscale eddies in the Northwestern Tropical Atlantic Ocean (2019-2022)

The primary goal of the ATOMIC experiment is to improve understanding of ocean-atmosphere interaction in the presence of energetic ocean mesoscale variability in the northwest tropical Atlantic. A particular focus is on documenting the role of ocean mesoscale eddies and fronts in the surface fluxes of momentum, heat, and freshwater, and examining how the eddy-mediated air-sea fluxes relate to ocean boundary layer mixing, low-level clouds, and regional climate.

ONR MISO-BOB DRI: Coupled Air-Sea Interactions in the Bay of Bengal: Dynamics and Predictability of Monsoon Intraseasonal Oscillation (2017-2021)

Understanding the role of the ocean and coupled physics for the simulation and forecast models is the primary goal of the MISO-BOB DRI. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the role that the Bay of Bengal (BOB) plays in the dynamics, sensitivity, and predictability of the MISO. The project will use a regional coupled model (coupling WRF and ROMS) that is optimally configured for the MISO-BOB study with 1) an explicit deep convection for better representation of the MISO convective processes, 2) realistic prescription of the river discharge forcing, 3) highly resolved (both horizontal and vertical) mixed layer process, 4) multi-scale modeling framework for local and remote controls of the MISO, and 5) on/off control of ocean data assimilation procedures.

NOAA CVP: Upper ocean processes in the Maritime Continent and their impact on the air-sea interaction and MJO predictability (2017-2022)

Years of Maritime Continent (YMC)” is an international campaign which contains five scientific themes. The project we propose will focus primarily on upper ocean processes and their impacts on air-sea interaction, and thus will directly contribute to one of the themes “Ocean and Air-Sea Interaction”. The primary goal of the proposed study is to understand the role of upper ocean processes over the MC in diurnal to intraseasonal atmosphere-ocean-land interaction and the simulation and prediction of the tropical intra-seasonal variability including the MJO.